Faculty of ManagementComenius University Bratislava

ECTS Systems of Credits

Control system of study based on ECTS System of credits

Credit system of study allows the students by credits to assess the burden associated with completing the units of study of the course, promotes openness inside the CU, supports the mobility of students and provides the students with the opportunity to participate in designing their own plan of study.

Credits are numerical values assigned to the course, which characterize the amount of work required for its successful completion. The standard student workload for one academic year is 60 credits, 30 credits per semester. Credit expresses one sixtieth of a standard workload for an average student for a period of one academic year and about 27 hours of total study (including individual study and self-study). If we quantify the credit, then besides the compulsory lectures, seminars, tests and exams one credit is equvalent to reading at least one hundred pages of study materials and ten pages of written work. The student receives credits for the successful completion of the course. For the given course the student can obtain the credits during the whole study only once.

The credits received for completing the course by student are collected (added together, accumulated). One of the conditions to continue the study after a predetermined control stage of study is to obtain the necessary sum of credits set by the university rules.

The total number of credits required for the proper completion of the study on the bachelor degree is 180 credits, on the master degree 120 credits, and 180 credits on the PhD. degree. The student must receive the credits in such a composition, as it is determined by the study plan.

If the student completes the study at another faculty or another university in Slovakia or abroad on the basis of agreement among the universities or as a regular student and on the basis of the official transcript of records, his credits are counted (transferred) on the basis of the bilateral agreement between the universities, on one side of the university where the student obtained the credits and on the other side of the university where he intends to continue his studies.


Completing the course

The rating scale to assess the completion of th




Numerical value



Excellent results



Very good

Well above average results




Average results




Acceptable results




Results meeting the minimum criteria




Further work is required



Each specific degree of the rating scale is granted on the basis of applying the point system, which reflects the degree of successful completion of the course.

A =

100 – 91 % points

B =

90 – 81 % points

C =

80 – 73 % points

D =

72 – 66 % points

E =

65 – 60 % points

FX =

59 – 0 % points


Points for the overall evaluation of the course are possible to obtain continuously throughout the semester teaching period or by passing the exam during the examination period. The ratio between the points that can be obtained continuously and the points obtained on the exam during the examination period is determined on the information sheet or the syllabus of the course.

Conditions for obtaining the points continuously during the teaching period throughout the semester are announced by the teacher at the beginning of the semester. The points for the continuous results in the teaching period are given by the tuition teacher.

The credit will be counted only after successful completion of this course. According to the ECTS, a successful completion of the course must be evaluated in a range from A to E.

If the student does not complete successfully a course that at the beginning of the academic year enrolled, will not gain any credit for it to the sum of his credits. The weighted average of the study for this course will count an evaluation FX, with a numeral equivalent of four.

The student can enroll to the mandatory elective and selective courses as recommended in this study guide. When choosing the courses must be considered the “prerequisites”, i.e. following courses. The faculty manages the opportunity to attend the course only in that semester, which is indicated in the study program of the faculty. The faculty reserves the right to regulate the number of enrolled students to each course. The condition to open a selective course is to have enough number of students enrolled. The student must enroll to mandatory elective courses during the matriculation to the given academic year. To sign in to mandatory elective and selective courses the faculty provides it within the preliminary matriculation. The student may cancel the selective course within two weeks of the beginning of the teaching period because of conflict in the schedule with another registered course. After this period all the selective courses will become a part of the learning plan of the student for that academic year.

The course is successfully completed if the student received a rating from A to E. The student receives credits only for the successfully completed course. If the student was evaluated for the courses by a grade FX, he has the right to take another two retakes, if he fulfills the conditions of the continuous assessment. On the re-enrolled course, the student has the right to take one retake only under the same conditions.


The weighted study average

To evaluate the overall results of the student's study is used the weighted average of study. The weighted average of study for the academic year/semester is calculated by adding the products of the credit evaluation of the course and the numerical value of the grade of all courses enrolled to an academic year/semester by student and by dividing by the sum of credits enrolled in that academic year/semester. To the average we must also add as "4" the courses enrolled by student and evaluated by FX or the student enrolled them and didn’t attend them and were evaluated by a grade FX.




where: "i" is the ith course from a set of "N" registered courses.

The weighted study average for the entire study is calculated analogically as described above, wherein the calculation only includes courses successfully completed.

If the student wishes to continue the study must:

a)    at the end of the first semester demonstrate successful completion of at least two compulsory courses and obtain at least 15 credits,

b)    in each year of study obtain for the winter and summer semester at least 40 credits.

In one academic year, a student may enroll to the course for not more than 90 credits.